On May 3, , the Allies began the trial of 28 Japanese civilian and military leaders for war crimes. Seven were hanged and others were sentenced to prison terms. Soviet soldiers on the march in northern Korea in October of At that time, Allied leaders decided to temporarily occupy the country until elections could be held and a government established. Soviet forces occupied the north, while U.
The planned elections did not take place, as the Soviet Union established a communist state in North Korea, and the U.
The Long Road Home
This standoff led to the Korean War in , which ended in with the signing of an armistice -- but, to this day, the two countries are still technically at war with each other. These soldiers are members of the "Night Tiger" battalion. Japanese invasions during World War II forced the two sides to put most of their struggles aside to fight a common foreign foe -- though they did still fight each other from time to time. The completed machine was announced to the public on February 14, The inventors of ENIAC promoted the spread of the new technologies through a series of influential lectures on the construction of electronic digital computers at the University of Pennsylvania in , known as the Moore School Lectures.
The 40 kiloton atomic bomb was detonated by the U. The purpose of the tests was to study the effects of nuclear explosions on ships.
The XB was an experimental heavy bomber developed for the U. The project was terminated shortly after the war, due to its technical difficulties. Japanese ammunition being dumped into the sea on September 21, During the U. These unidentified German workers in Decontamination clothing destroy toxic bombs on June 28, , at the U. Georgen, Germany. The destruction and disposal of 65, dead weight tons of German toxics, including mustard gas, was accomplished in one of two ways: Burning or dumping the empty shells and bombs into the North Sea.
In a Dachau war crimes trial he was convicted of using 1, concentration camp prisoners for malaria experimentation.
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Thirty died directly from the inoculations and to died later from complications of the disease. His experiments, all with unwilling subjects, began in The new cemetery at Belsen, Germany on March 28, , where 13, people who died after Belsen Concentration Camp was liberated are buried. Jewish survivors of the Buchenwald Nazi concentration camp, some still in their camp clothing, stand on the deck of the refugee immigration ship Mataroa, on July 15, at Haifa port, during the British Mandate of Palestine, in what would later become the State of Israel.
During World War II, millions of Jews were fleeing Germany and its occupied territories, many attempting to enter the British Mandate of Palestine, despite tight restrictions on Jewish immigration established by the British in Many of these would-be immigrants were caught and rounded up into detention camps. In , Britain announced plans to withdraw from the territory, and the United Nations approved the Partition Plan for Palestine, establishing a Jewish and a Palestinian state in the country. On May 14, , Israel declared independence and was immediately attacked by neighboring Arab states, beginning the Arab-Israeli conflict which continues to this day.
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Some of Poland's thousands of war orphans at the Catholic Orphanage in Lublin, on September 11, , where they are being cared for by the Polish Red Cross. Most of the clothing, as well as vitamins and medicines, are provided by the American Red Cross. The Empress of Japan visits a Catholic Orphanage staffed by Japanese Nuns for children who have lost their parents in the war and air raids over Tokyo. The Empress inspected the grounds and paid a visit to the chapel. Children wave Japanese flags to greet the Empress during her visit in Fujisawa in Tokyo, on April 13, New buildings right rise out of the ruins of Hiroshima, Japan, on March 11, These single story homes built along a hard-surfaced highway are part of the program by the Japanese government to rebuild devastated sections of the country.
At left background are damaged buildings whose masonry withstood the effects of the first atomic bomb ever detonated as a weapon. Clocks are being readied for export to Allied countries, shown as collateral for imported goods needed by Japan. Thirty-four Japanese factories produced , clocks during April of Photo taken on June 25, General George S.
Patton acknowledges the cheers of thousands during a parade through downtown Los Angeles, California, on June 9, Shortly thereafter, Patton returned to Germany and controversy, as he advocated the employment of ex-Nazis in administrative positions in Bavaria; he was relieved of command of the 3rd Army and died of injuries from a traffic accident in December, after his return home. Joe Rosenthal's famous Iwo Jima flag-raising photograph is visible on the war bonds billboard.
This photo shows German women clearing up the debris on Berlin's Tauentzienstrasse, with the ruins of the Kaiser Wilhelm Church in the background. The absence of able bodied men meant that the responsibility for clearing the wreckage fell mainly to civilian women, which were called "Truemmerfrauen," or rubble ladies. The signs on the left mark the border between the British-occupied sector and the U. The scene in Berlin's Republic Square, before the ruined Reichstag Building, on September 9, , as Anti-Communists, estimated at a quarter of a million, scream their opposition to Communism.
When the meeting pictured here broke up, a series of incidents between Anti-Red Germans and Soviet troops brought tension to a fever pitch as shootings took place, resulting in the deaths of two Germans. In March of , some 29 years after the official end of World War II, Hiroo Onoda, a former Japanese Army intelligence officer, walks out of the jungle of Lubang Island in the Philippines, where he was finally relieved of duty.
He handed over his sword hanging from his hip in photo , his rifle, ammunition and several hand grenades. Onoda had been sent to Lubang Island in December of to join an existing group of soldiers and hamper any enemy attacks. Allied forces overtook the island just a few months later, capturing or killing all but Onoda and three other Japanese soldiers. The four ran into the hills and began a decades-long insurgency extending well past the end of the war. Several times they found or were handed leaflets notifying them that the war had ended, but they refused to believe it.
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In , one of the soldiers turned himself in to Philippine authorities. By , Onoda's two other compatriots were dead, killed during guerrilla activities, leaving Onoda alone. In , Onoda met a Japanese college dropout, Norio Suzuki, who was traveling the world, and through their friendship, Onoda's former commanding officer was located and flew to Lubang Island to formally relieve Onoda of duty, and bring him home to Japan.
Over the years, the small group had killed some 30 Filipinos in various attacks, but Onoda ended up going free, after he received a pardon from President Ferdinand Marcos. We want to hear what you think about this article. Submit a letter to the editor or write to letters theatlantic. The tenth annual panoramic-photo competition has just come to a close, and the winning images and finalists have been announced. Some of the winning images and finalists from the fifth edition of this action-and-adventure-sports photo competition.
Supercross in New Zealand, a wee Canucks fan in Vancouver, protests in Bolivia and Chile, a massive dam in Turkey, a cat show in Italy, a cavalry pyramid in Mexico, and much more. Images of the devastating bushfires in southeastern Australia over the past few weeks, and of those coping with the disaster. I want to receive updates from The Atlantic about new products and offerings. Skip to content. Have one to sell? Sell now - Have one to sell?
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World War II: After the War
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